Staking may be needed, depending on cultivar and cultivation methods. Currently, the management of coffee and black pepper in one acre costs about Rs 85,000 per year for Hoysala. In turn, Hoysala earns a net profit of Rs one lakh per annum per acre from these crops. Vietnam is the world leader in the production of black pepper, producing 163,000 tons which are about 34% of the world’s production. Table 1 Summarised cost of production for 1 acre (0.4 ha) of hot pepper Costs TT$ Labour 26,638 Materials and supplies 19,846 Equipment 49,848 Total costs 96,332 Gross income 236,250 Net Profit 139,918 Choice of Varieties Hot pepper varieties/landraces Farmers grow specific varieties1 or landraces2 of their choice. Annually she spends Rs. … Growers also pay the seed costs for the transplant which is about $625 per acre per crop. Another grower and customer favorite is Elephant garlic, whose large, mild cloves bring $6-$8 per pound. of 24,200 transplants per acre on 40” beds with two rows of transplants 12” part, and transplants 12-16” apart within rows. Spread peppercorn on mat and remove spike, then peppercorn is winnowed, cleaned and stored in sacks. Phosphorus, potassium, and lime rates should be based on annual soil test results. In India the average number of Trees per hectare under inter cropping system is 190 whereas under a mono cropping system in Vietnam it is approx. 950 Brick Pillars. Top Black Pepper Producing Countries. 35,000 per acre as operational cost and gets about Rs. Talking about cultivation method, Mr Marvin Rodrigues said “Pepper is grown at a spacing of 2 metres by 2 metres which results in 1,000 pepper vines per acre. Since this article focuses mainly on highest profit per acre, it is a must to consider crop marketability and profitability hence the crop should be in a (considerably) high demand. Applying 120 pounds of nitrogen per acre is recommended. In India Pepper has been cultivated predominantly as an Inter-crop on Trees whereas in Vietnam Pepper is grown as a Mono crop on Brick Pillars with very High density planting.. A single row of peppers can also be planted on each bed (5,000 to 6,500 plants per acre). To produce white pepper, remove ripe berries from spikes, place in bags and soak in running water 1 to 2 weeks to soften skin. Black Pepper is a creeper which needs a support to grow. Drip and sprinkler irrigation have helped minimise water loss and increased the yield per acre. Custom hand transplanting costs about $300 per acre, plants cost about $0.024 each based on bulk purchase price in 2013. 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