Air pollution is the presence of one or more disadvantageous content in such quantity and for such duration, as it is catastrophic, or tend to be catastrophic, to human health and welfare, animal or plant life. High levels of glare can decrease visibility. Clutter: Bright, confusing, and excessive groupings of light sources, commonly found in over-lit urban areas. It is observed that the problems of environmental pollution is intense in the developing world, where traditional sources of pollution such as industrial emissions, poor sanitation, insufficient waste management, polluted water supplies and exposures to indoor air pollution from biomass fuels affect humans (Samet, 2001). Organic farming and efficient use of animal residues as fertilizers. Copyright © 2021 CivilServiceIndia.com | Website Development Company : Concern Infotech Pvt. Effects of Noise Pollution are Hearing Loss, High Blood Pressure, Stress, Sleep Disturbance, Colour Blindness. Otherwise, the waste products from consumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation, and other human activities will damage the environment. Quality Notes In Daily Classes. The generators convert oxygen into ozone using Ultraviolet radiation and Electric discharge field. Weekly Assignment Tests. ... UPSC Toppers’ tips and strategies will help in streamline IAS preparation. Pathogens can obviously produce waterborne diseases in either human or animal hosts. Use of fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, dumping of solid waste, deforestation, and pollution due to urbanization and other anthropogenic substances causes soil pollution. There is a certain percentage of gases present in the atmosphere. Air pollution has harmful impact on plant life. IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. It affects human and animal lives, natural ecosystems and the man-made environment. 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start of Preparation to Results) lasts for close to 2 years. Pollutants in water include a wide range of chemicals, pathogens, and physical chemistry or sensory changes. Air pollution monitoring is very necessary to control pollution. Main causes of soil pollution include Industrial wastes such as harmful gases and chemicals, agricultural pesticides, fertilizers and insecticides, ignorance towards soil management and related systems, unfavourable and harmful irrigation practices, improper septic system and management and maintenance of the same, leakages from sanitary sewage, acid rains, when fumes released from industries get mixed with rains, fuel leakages from automobiles, that get washed away due to rain and seep into the nearby soil, improper waste management techniques, which are characterized by release of sewage into the large dumping grounds and nearby streams or rivers. These techniques collect data by scientists to enable them to make informed decisions to manage overall quality of environment. Environment and related topics have nowadays become very important for UPSC, State PCS and other govt competitive exams. IAS Admit Card 2020 Out: Download UPSC CSE Mains Exam Admit Card, UPSC Study Material: Complete Notes for Prelims Exam in Hindi & English [Free], Monthly Current Affairs Test 2020: Attempt Quiz in Hindi & English, UPSC IAS Prelims Answer Key 2020: Download SET A, B, C & D Answer Key PDF. Air Pollution has emerged as growing global issue among environmentalists and researchers especially in developed countries since the decade of 1960 (Kan, 2009). Light pollution is described as excessive and incorrect artificial light (Mizon, 2002). Agricultural sources, thermal pollution (discharge of hot water by thermal power plants cause deficiency of dissolved oxygen in water) and underground water pollution. Pollution may be defined as the addition of undesirable material into the environment as a result of human activities. Air pollution in urban areas has numerous health impact such as a shorter lifespan for city inhabitants (Progressive Insurance, 2005). Chlorofluorocarbons. Point sources: These are directly pointed towards the water bodies from the source of origin of pollution and are thus easy to regulate. Air pollution monitoring and source categorization (Source: Bhola, et, al., 2010). Industrial and community wastewater: Industries like mining, iron and steel, pharmaceuticals, food processing, soap and detergent and paper and pulp. Some of the most excessive sources include: Some examples of air pollution include: 1. This water pollution adversely impacts the health and quality of soils and vegetation (Carter, 1985). Focus should be on the CA related to Pollution, Clean Energy, New legal amendments, SC/NGT Judgement, international treaties, funds, R&D, reports-rankings. Biomedical waste should be collected and incinerated in incinerators. Air pollution is also responsible for climate change due to the enhanced greenhouse effect, acid rain, and the depletion of the ozone layer that constitute important global environmental problems. Another method to treat water pollution is well known Ozone wastewater treatment. Agriculture: It reduces soil fertility and thus crop yields; increase soil erosion and salinity. Solid waste management and reduction of waste from the construction area. Treatment of water pollution: There are many ways by which water pollution can be treated such as industrial treatment, denitrification, septic tank, and ozone waste water treatment. It is important to note that some contaminants can be naturally produced in the soil under the effect of certain environmental conditions. Causes of Land Pollution include Mining and quarrying, Sewage waste, Household Garbage and Industrial Waste. Consequently, experts advised to take immediate action and control the pollution. The four components of light pollution are often combined and may intersect: Plethora of environmental studies have shown that environmental pollutants have various adversarial health effects. The very air we breathe in and which sustains life is being poisoned by exhausts from automobiles, smoke from chimneys, dust from mining and construction activities and numerous other sources of dangerous gases and vapours. Afforestation, reforestation and use of organic farming. Extreme noise pollution occurs due to technical advancement and the motor vehicle, which is responsible for about ninety percent of all undesirable noise internationally. Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs. Shankar IAS Environment PDF Today in this post We are providing Notes based on the Shankar IAS Environment 6th Edition PDF Which is mainly important for UPSC, PSC, SSC, Railway, SSC CGL, Bank, SI, Railway and all other exams. An example of natural soil pollution is the accumulation of compounds containing the perchlorate anion (ClO 4 –) in some dry, arid ecosystems. By different means, pollutants from different regions reach to surface water or groundwater and cause water pollution. Addition of certain substances such as organic, inorganic, biological and radiological to the water, which degrades the water quality and makes it unhealthy for use. Causes of Noise Pollution include aircraft noise, noise of cars, buses, and trucks, vehicle horns, loudspeakers, and industry noise, as well as high-intensity sonar effects which are extremely harmful for the environment, noise from construction and civil engineering works. Most pesticides kill or damage life forms other than those intended. Water pollution: Water pollution is also a matter of concern for human life. DOES INDIA NEED MORE MISSILES OR MORE INDUSTRIES. Marine pollution: river discharge, manmade pollution and oil spills etc. Denitrification is an ecological approach to avert the leaching of nitrates in soil, and stops ground water pollution with nutrients. Pesticides can damage crops; kill vegetation and poison birds, animals, and fish. It … Handwritten Notes for UPSC by Alok Ranjan sir.Most important notes for Competitive exams such as UPSC pre and Mains, State level PSC exams, UPPSC, MPPSC, IAS exams pre and mains, Air pollution monitoring and source categorization (Source: Bhola, et, al., 2010) Water pollution: Water pollution is also a matter of concern for human life. LIFE LESSONS THAT CORONA VIRUS THOUGHT ME –. Polluted water comprises of Industrial discharged wastes, sewage water, rain water pollution … The identified source of pollution is called point sources. It guides you through the entire gambit of the IAS exam starting with notification, eligibility, syllabus, tips, quiz, notes and current affairs. Release of radioactive rays, biomagnification and pollutant gases cause health problems. Air pollution refers to any physical, chemical, or biological change in the air. Air pollution crisis in India : Important Topics for UPSC Exams With every winter comes the news of elevated pollution levels in the national capital. Soil pollution mainly is a result of penetration of damaging pesticides and insecticides, which deteriorate the soil quality, thus making it contaminated and unfit for use later. Ltd. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Monthly Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs. Major environmental challenges for humans. Readers can download each of the notes as PDF for free using the ‘print-pdf’ option. Do not sound horn symbol is to be in school roads. There are several types of pollutions in the environment such as Water Pollution, Air Pollution, Soil Pollution, land pollution. Some of indoor air pollutant sources in houses including building materials, pressed wood products and furniture, central heating and cooling systems, several personal care or household cleaning products, painting colours, solvents, heating or cooking appliances (stoves, wood and gas burning fireplaces, gas heaters), tobacco smoke, office machines and other products used in daily activities (EPA, 2007). Ozone Layer Depletion – Carbon monoxide & Sulphur dioxide released from the vehicle emission has contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer, allowing more ultra-violate rays to penetrate from the sun. This has made Environment and Ecology, a very crucial subject for clearing UPSC Prelims and Main. Air pollution monitoring is very necessary to control pollution. Soil pollution is described as the impurity of soil of a particular region. There are some drawbacks of adopting ozone to treat wastewater such as it requires energy in the form of electricity, cost money and cannot work when the power is lost and cannot remove dissolved minerals and salts. National air quality monitoring programme (NAMP), National ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). Causes of deforestation: There are several causes of current deforestation such as dishonesty of government institutions, the unfair distribution of wealth and power, population growth and overpopulation, and urbanization. Industrial waste: lead, cadmium, mercury, alkalies, organic substances, and chemicals. Any unnatural and negative changes in all the dimensions like chemical, physical and biological characteristics of any component of the ecosystem i.e. Ecological imbalance and imbalance in flora and fauna further increases. For example, If you purchase the notes with “Download Validity == 2 Years,” on 01/01/2020, then you will be able to download the Static Files + Current Affairs files till 02/01/2022. Any substance which causes harmful effects or uneasiness in the organisms, then that particular substance may be called as the pollutant. The main pollutants found in the air people breathe include, particulate matter, PAHs, lead, ground-level ozone, heavy metals, sulphur dioxide, benzene, carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide (European Public Health Alliance, 2009). A drinking water contained a fluoride content ranging from 5.26 to 26.32 milligrams per litre and this is too high as compared to the World Health Organization�s standard of 0.6 to 1.7 milligram per litre (Rizvi, 2000). Environmental degradation is the collapse of the earth or worsening of the environment through consumption of assets such as air, water and soil, the destruction of environments and the annihilation of wildlife. Indoor air pollution is defined as the amount of chemical, biological and physical contaminants in the air inside a building. Dec 26, 2020 - Shankar IAS: Summary of Environment Pollution UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Noise pollution, soil pollution and light pollution also harm the environment at an alarming rate. The factors which disturb the biological balance of the soil and deteriorate the quality, texture, and mineral content are called soil pollutants. In a water treatment plant, sewage goes through a number of chambers and chemical processes to reduce the amount and toxicity of the waste. Urban Sky Glow: The brightening of the night sky over inhabited areas. Climate change is an important topic for Current Affairs and Environment & Ecology for UPSC 2020. It is also known as photo pollution or luminous pollution and basically is the misdirected or obtrusive of natural light by … The effects of water pollution are major cause of death for humans at global scale. Tropospheric Pollution: Pollution occurs due to undesirable solid and gas particles present in the air. NAAQS As many as 54% of India’s population lives in regions that do not meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particulate matter, and nearly every Indian Environment Notes for UPSC IAS Exam. Subject: Environment. These are also very helpful for competitive exams such as UPPSC, MPPSC, MPSC, PCS, CTETc TET, MPTET, Samvida Varg 1, 2, 3, MA Entrance, BA Entrance test, PhD Entrance Test etc. Pollution from the atmosphere is, believe it or not, a huge source of ocean pollution. It is the contamination of air by harmful gases, dust, and smoke which affects plants, animals, and humans drastically. Collection of pollutants and convert it into less toxic forms by different methods. Light pollution is artificial brightening of the night sky caused by man-made lightening sources, which has a disruptive effect on natural cycles and inhibits the observation of stars and planets. Land/ Solid waste Pollution: This type of pollution also shake environment. Consequences of Air Pollution: To prevent Land Pollution, it is advised that more and more land should be brought under farming. The liquid waste is usually high in biological oxygen demand, suspended solids, and chlorinated organic compounds such as dioxins (World Bank, 1999). | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC 96000 32187 / +91 94456 88445 oxidizes such. Be polluted by agriculture or households cause damage to human health or the environment sand. 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